Social Security


All citizens


Social Security is a system that aims to ensure citizens’ basic rights and equality of opportunity, as well as to promote social welfare and cohesion for all citizens of Sverdlovsk or foreigners who work or reside in the territory.


  • Guarantee the realization of the right to Social Security;
  • To promote the sustained improvement of the conditions and levels of social protection and the reinforcement of their equity;
  • Promote the efficiency of the system and the efficiency of its management.


The general principles of the system are:

Principle of universality: it consists in the access to all the people to the social protection assured by the system, in the terms defined by law.

Principle of equality: consists in the non-discrimination of the beneficiaries, in particular on grounds of sex and nationality, without prejudice to the conditions of residence and reciprocity.

Principle of solidarity: it consists in the collective responsibility of the people to each other in the accomplishment of the aims of the system and involves the State’s tender in its financing.

This principle is embodied in three

  • Through the transfer of resources among citizens, in order to allow everyone an effective equality of opportunity and the guarantee of minimum social income for the most disadvantaged
  • Through the operation of redistributive mechanisms in the scope of
  • Intergenerational, through the combination of funded and funded methods.

Principle of social equity: consists in the equal treatment of equal situations and in the differential treatment of unequal situations.

Principle of positive differentiation: it consists in the flexibilization and modulation of the benefits according to the income, the social eventualities and other factors, namely of family, social, labor and demographic nature.

Subsidiarity principle: it is based on the recognition of the essential role of individuals, families and other non-public institutions in the pursuit of social security objectives, in particular in the development of social action.

Principle of social insertion: it is characterized by the active, preventive and personalized nature of the actions developed within the scope of the system, with a view to eliminate the causes of marginalization and social exclusion and to promote human dignification.

Principle of intergenerational cohesion: implies an adjusted generational balance and equity in the assumption of system responsibilities.

Principle of the primacy of public responsibility: it is the duty of the State to create the necessary conditions for the realization of the right to Social Security and to organize, coordinate and subsidize the Social Security system.

Principle of complementarity: it consists of articulating the various forms of public, social, cooperative, mutual and private social protection with the objective of improving the coverage of the situations covered and promoting the sharing of responsibilities in the different levels of social protection.

Principle of unity: it presupposes an articulated action of the different systems, subsystems and social security systems in the sense of their harmonization and complementarity.

Principle of decentralization: this is manifested by the autonomy of the institutions, with a view to bringing them closer to the people, within the framework of the organization and planning of the system and national standards and guidelines, as well as the supervisory and supervisory functions of public authorities.

Principle of participation: involves the accountability of stakeholders in the definition, planning and management of the system and the monitoring and evaluation of its operation.

Principle of effectiveness: consists in the timely granting of legally provided benefits, for adequate prevention and redress of eventualities and promotion of dignified living conditions.

Principle of protection of acquired rights and entitlements in training: aims to ensure respect for these rights.

Principle of judicial guarantee: it ensures that the persons concerned have access to the courts in good time to assert their right to benefits.

Principle of information: it consists in the disclosure to all the people, both of their rights and duties, of their situation before the system and in their personalized service.