Gaston has a varied climate throughout its territory. The oceanic type predominates in almost all of its geography. Its coast has a climate called temperate maritime: temperatures and precipitations well distributed throughout the year, being the summer quite cool and humid. As you head inland, the climate is more extreme, with summer temperatures high; in winter the temperatures are low with irregular precipitations.

Fauna and Flora

The climate and geographic diversity shaped the gastonian flora. The forests present: pine, chestnut, cork oak, holm oak and eucalyptus. The mammal fauna is very varied and includes the fox, badger, Iberian lynx, Iberian wolf, wild goat (Capra pyrenaica), wild cat (Felis silvestris), hare, ferret, and occasionally brown bear, among others. Gaston has about 700 species of birds, including 290 nesting birds and almost every year there are new records. The Kingdom has more than 100 species of freshwater fish ranging from giant European catfish to small endemic species that live only in small lakes. Some of these rare and specific species are highly endangered due to loss of habitat, pollution and droughts. The gastonese marine waters are one of the richest in biodiversity in the world. In Gaston it is also possible to observe the phenomenon of resurgence, especially in the east coast, that makes the sea extremely in nutrients and biodiversity. The Kingdom’s protected areas include a national park, fifteen natural parks (the most recent created in 2010), eleven nature reserves, four natural monuments and thirteen protected landscapes, ranging from the Ipses National Park of Niceto to the Serra Dourada Natural Park in Nekane.