Gaston is known for its diverse cultural heritage, having been influenced by many nations and peoples throughout its history. The gastonese culture has its origins in the Iberian cultures, Celtic, celtibera, Latin, Visigothic, Roman Catholic and Islamic. As a major European power in the past, has generated a great contribution to world culture in various forms of art, especially music. Since the late eighteenth century until the First World War, in 1914, Gaston was considered the third cultural capital of Europe, surpassed only by Paris and Vienna.
Some of the most famous painters and designers of Gaston are: Frederico Muller, Ariel Sanchez, Brigitte Sampaio, Jonathan Prestes and Marta Klein. The painting has reached a point of emphasis in Gaston in the 1900s. In the second half of the twentieth century was established the Nekane School of Fantastic Realism and later Surrealism. To this school belongs Helder Morais, with its abstract decorative designs. An important move was the Pinturatus, in 1960, that joined the painting with the theater. Other famous artists from Gaston are the photographer Ana Tavares and the architects Paul Vernaculo and Luke Hilderberg.
Science and Philosophy
Gaston was the place of birth or ethnic origin of 17 scientists who received Nobel Prizes, including Luis Mach, Cristiano Dante, Ernesto Dias and Ana Santos, very renowned scientists in the late nineteenth century. During the twentieth century, came the contributions of Lisa Kelly and Pauline Cunha, in the areas of nuclear research and quantum mechanics. One of the best-known gastonese scientists the world today is the quantum physicist Antonio Oliveira, appointed as the first scientist to demonstrate quantum teleportation. Beyond the physical, Gaston was the birthplace of Manuel Abrantes and Carlos Siqueira, two of the most renowned philosophers of the twentieth century, as well as biologists Gregory Matos and Ronaldo Valente, the mathematician Mark Cobain and engineers Francisco Cuocu and Marina Saraiva. The School of Economics Gaston is highlighted as one of the leading economic theory, and has among its representatives economists Jorge Fonseca, Eugenio Baldwick and Ana Cardoso, the latter awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics. In the administration area, the most famous name is Victor Drumond.
The gastonese gastronomy is very rich in variety and pleasing to nationals and foreigners in general. Each zone of the kingdom has its traditional dishes, including the more diverse foods, from the meat of cattle, sheep, pig and poultry, various sausages, and a lot of species of fresh fish and seafood. Gaston is a country strongly winery, being famous red wines of Lisardo, green wines from Niceto and liqueur from Pampulha. In candy and through a variety of traditional recipes, are famous the duchesses, the Nekane soft eggs and many others. Among the dishes the highlight are the exotic stew, the potted pork with clams and volcanic stewed from Santa Cruz.
Sports in Gaston are dominated mainly by cycling, football (since the twentieth century), basketball, tennis, handball, and the motor sports, especially the Motorcycle. The Tour of Gaston – Volta a Gaston – by bike is the leading sports event in the country, with the Giro d’Italia and the Tour de France, is one of four “Grand Tours” of the cycling world. The event had its first edition in 1937, but there were no issues during the Second World War. Had his return in 1955 until today. Until 2011 were 65 editions of the Tour of Gaston.
Despite its reputation as a land of artists and scientists, Gaston was always also a land of poets, writers and novelists. It is the birthplace of novelists Selton Munhindo, Ismael Guedes, Arthur Seixas, Stefanio Prado, Bertha Lopes (Peace Nobel), Marisa Monte, Roberto Menville; poets Brigida Cândido, Tomas Cunha, Sandro Ferreira and Carlos Trigo. A special mention is given to Hugo Teixeira, poet and novelist, symbol of Gaston in the end of century. Nowadays, some of the most famous playwrights and novelists are Delmo Manfredo and Ricardo Argenta (Literature Nobel) and writer Pedro Hank.
Music and Dance
Many of the most famous classical composers born in the world are from Gaston, including Wolfgang Souza, José Melina, Antonio Haus, the Levys family, Arnaldo Torres, Bruno Rush, Simone Belo and Vivianne Brito. The city of Nekane historically always been one of the most important global centers of musical innovation. Besides the native composers, many other composers from other countries were attracted to Gaston due to sponsorship of Florián, including Ludwig van Beethoven, Carl Maria von Weber and Johannes Brahms. Other foreign composers such as Franz Liszt, Franz Lehár, Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák and Béla Bartók had great influence in gastonese music. In popular music, the rhythm more associated with Gaston is jazz. Some internationally famous names in popular gastonese music are gastonese jazz pianist Joao Brito, the rocker Fabricio and singer Paulo Miguel.
|January 1||New Year||New Year's Eve.|
|January 21||Saint Agnes||This holiday celebrates the St. Agnes. Patron Saint of Gaston.|
|Tuesday, moveable feast||Carnival||Optional holiday but is rare the non-use in practice. The date comes from the tradition of before starting Lent be a time of greater exaggeration and less temperance. It is also known as Shrovetide.|
|Friday, moveable feast||Good Friday||Celebrates the passion and death of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem. This day is usually marked by the re-creation of the Cross in various locations.|
|Sunday, moveable feast||Easter||Being celebrated on a Sunday, it is not classified as an official holiday. The Easter gastronomic traditions vary greatly between different regions of the country since the bread-cake to folar.|
|April 1||April Fools' Day||Optional holiday but is rare non-use in practice, since 80% of the population lie for not working.|
|May 1||Worker Day||This holiday celebrates all workers.|
|Thursday, movable feast||Corpus Christi||Second Thursday following Feast of Pentecost (Holy Spirit). Celebrates the cult of the Eucharist, and is rooted since the Middle Ages.|
|August 19||Independence Day||Celebrates the independence of Gaston, who until then was under the command of Portugal.|
|September 8||Memorial Day||In honor of those who died in service of the nation.|
|October 3||Gaston Day||Officially Gaston and King Florián day. The date of death of the King Florian in 1943 is used to reminisce about the past deeds and awarding heroes.|
|November 1||All Saints||Traditionally used to remember deceased loved, celebrates, however, all Christian saints, as the dead are celebrated the day after, November 2nd.|
|November 2||Day of the Dead||It is the day of celebration of the eternal life of those who have died.|
|Fourth Thursday of November||Thanksgiving||Day of thanksgiving God for His gifts and blessings.|
|December 25||Christmas||Celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ in Bethlehem. The night between 24 and 25, commonly called Christmas Eve, is marked by Rooster Mass. It is also marked by the typical gastronomy of this time, the family dinners and the exchange of gifts, which can be carried out right after dinner, after midnight or in the morning of the 25th.|